Wednesday, 31 August 2016 18:13

Strategic Applications of Real-time Risk Mitigation Strategies and Tools: Case Studies and Lessons Learned in REAKT

Volume 14, Issue 9, September 2016

Issue Editors:

ISSN: 1570-761X (Print) 1573-1456 (Online)

Preface to the special issue “Strategic applications of real-time risk mitigation strategies and tools: case studies and lessons learned in REAKT”
Wednesday, 12 November 2014 16:30
The Final meeting of the REAKT project will be held in Naples at the Aula Magna Congress Center Unina, Via Partenope 36, from December 1 to December 3, 2014.

Download the Agenda
Tuesday, 11 November 2014 13:13

The REAKT project was subjected to a parliamentary question to the European Commission, signed by the MP Enrico Gasbarra. He asked how the Commission intends to continue to provide support for the REAKT project, which focuses on integrated earthquake risk prevention and reduction.

You can read the complete parliamentary question and the answer of the European Commission below:

Parliamentary questions

30 September 2014


Question for written answer
to the Commission 
Rule 130
Enrico Gasbarra (S&D)


Subject:  Earthquake prevention


Earthquakes are among the most common natural events in Europe. Over the 35-year period between 1976 and 2010, 20% of the world's disastrous earthquakes occurred in Europe, causing 62 000 deaths (7% of earthquake-related deaths around the world) and some EUR 111 000 million worth of damage, in particular in the Mediterranean area.

How exactly does the Commission intend to continue to provide support for the REAKT (Strategies and Tools for Real-Time Earthquake Risk Reduction) project, which was already funded under the seventh research framework programme and which focuses on integrated earthquake risk prevention and reduction?


Parliamentary questions

31 October 2014


Answer given by Ms Geoghegan-Quinn on behalf of the Commission

The EU has supported research in the field of earthquakes through successive Research Framework Programmes since the late 1980s thereby promoting multi-disciplinary and international collaboration in this area of global concern.

The REAKT(1) project referred to by the Honourable Member addresses forecasting, early warning or real-time risk assessment. Other EU-funded projects address complementary issues. For instance, NERIES(2) and NERA(3)have contributed to establishing an extensive and modern pan-European seismic monitoring network essential for risk reduction. The SYNER-G project(4) has developed methods for systemic vulnerability analyses in the urban environment. And the SHARE project(5) has produced several seismic hazard maps and datasets that will serve as harmonised references for the implementation of European Standards for the design of earthquake-resistant structures.

Efforts are also under way to enhance the take-up and dissemination of research funded by the European Union.

Since earthquakes represent a societal challenge in Europe as well as globally, relevant seismic research will be pursued in Horizon 2020, the European Framework Programme for Research and Innovation 2014-2020, and this in order to help progress towards practical and operational solutions needed to mitigate seismic risks. Information on current funding opportunities can be found through the Research and Innovation Participant Portal(6).


(1) (funded by the Seventh Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration Activities (FP7, 2007-2013).







Parliamentary question link:


European Commission answer link:

Friday, 02 May 2014 12:20
The REAKT Final Meeting will be held in Naples, 1st to 3rd December 2014.
Information on the location, the agenda and suggested accommodations will be announced soon.
Wednesday, 09 April 2014 12:19
Second European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (2ECEES)
Istanbul, 24 -29 August 2014

A REAKT related special session on “Case studies of methodology development for real time mitigation of seismic risk to industries and strategic facilities” has been scheduled to the next coming Second European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology ( The conveners are Carlo Cauzzi (ETH), Mauro Dolce (IT-DPC), Kyriazis Pitilakis (AUTH) and Stefan Wiemer (ETH)

The deadline for the receipt of abstracts is 11 April 2014.
Friday, 04 April 2014 16:33
EGU General Assembly 2014: Session on Real time earthquake risk reduction

EGU General Assembly 2014

Vienna, 27 April – 02 May

A REAKT related session called “SM3.1/NH4.2- Real time earthquake risk reduction" will be held at the next EGU general Assembly on Monday 28 of April.


Oral Presentations
Room G3 13.30-17.00
Download programme (

Blue Posters 17.30-19.00
Download programme (
Friday, 04 April 2014 16:30
EGU General Assembly 2014: Short Course on Earthquake Early Warning: Approaches, Methodologies and Case Studies

EGU General Assembly 2014

SM3.3/SC4 - Short Course on Earthquake Early Warning: Approaches, Methodologies and Case Studies
Vienna, Tue 29 April 2014
17:30-19:00 / Room G8

A short course on Earthquake Early warning will be held, at the Next EGU General Assembly, as part of the educational and training initiatives of the Reakt (Strategies and tools for Real Time EArthquake RisK ReducTion) Project.
The Conveners are Aldo Zollo, Simona Colombelli and Matteo Picozzi.
Thursday, 07 November 2013 12:28
EGU General Assembly 2014: Session on Citizen Empowered Science

EGU General Assembly 2014

Vienna, 27 April – 02 May
ESSI1.8/EOS6 Citizen Empowered Science – Call for abstracts

A REAKT related session has been planned under the programme group “Earth & Space Science Informatics”
The conveners are Rémy Bossu and Pierre-Philippe MATHIEU.
The deadline for the receipt of abstracts is 16 Jan 2014.

The opened web tool for abstract submission, is under

Session Description:

Citizen Empowered Science
Convener: Rémy Bossu
Co-Convener: Pierre-Philippe MATHIEU

There is also a second REAKT related session at EGU

Citizen Empowered Science (co-organized)
Convener: Rémy Bossu
Co-Convener: Pierre-Philippe MATHIEU

Over the last decade, rapid advances in ICT, computing and communication technologies (e.g. internet, smartphones, social networks), have enabled non-specialists to participate in truly scientific endeavours. This so-called “Citizen Science” supports societal applications and has now taken many shapes, for example, it created new ways to fully exploit satellite data to make real science.
A pioneering project was “SETI@Home”, which has harnessed the idle computing time of millions of participants in the search for extraterrestrial life. Citizen scientists also act as volunteer classifiers of heavenly objects, such as in “”, or to track Solar Storm through “”.
Looking back at our planet, citizen scientists can make observations of biodiversity to support validation of satellite vegetation map reporting through the “” portal. They can also use their smartphone to improve situation awareness after a disaster by contributing with geolocated pics or sharing testimonies. A new field has also emerged aiming at obtaining insight from Internet-based information that is originally intended for other purposes. For example, social network harvesting during incident falls in this category.
Recognizing the growing importance of Citizen Science as a new paradigm in research, and the fantastic and unique opportunity to tap into the enormous passion and good will of a wide community of citizens, this session will provide an overview of various citizen science activities, highlighting their scientific & societal value, strengths and weaknesses across communities. It will also cover communication aspects: how to attract and engage with the Citizens, what does it change in communicating with the public, what are the other potential benefits such as crowdfunding?
In this session, we solicit studies on any discipline that augment or complement traditional methods of collecting observations with data obtained through citizen engagement as well as examples showing how such projects can end-up in innovative educational and communication tools by bringing science closer to society.
Tuesday, 05 November 2013 17:25
EGU General Assembly 2014: Short Course on Earthquake Early Warning: Approaches, Methodologies and Case Studies

EGU General Assembly 2014

Vienna, 27 April – 02 May
SM3.3/SC4 - Short Course on Earthquake Early Warning: Approaches, Methodologies and Case Studies

During the next EGU General Assembly a short course on Earthquake Early warning will be held. The Conveners are Aldo Zollo, Simona Colombelli and Matteo Picozzi.
The course is part of the educational and training initiatives of the EU project Reakt (Strategies and tools for Real Time EArthquake RisK ReducTion).

Short course description
SM3.3/SC4 - Short Course on Earthquake Early Warning: Approaches, Methodologies and Case Studies (co-organized)

Convener: Aldo Zollo
Co-Conveners: Simona Colombelli, Matteo Picozzi

Earthquake early warning systems (EEWS) are real-time, advanced monitoring infrastructure systems which are experiencing a sudden improvement and a wide diffusion in many active seismic regions of the world during the last three years. They are able to provide an automatic notification of the potential damaging effects of an impending earthquake, through rapid telemetry and processing of data from dense instrument arrays deployed in the source region of the event of concern and/or surrounding the target infrastructure. An EEWS allows for mitigating actions to be taken before strong shaking and can significantly shorten the time necessary for emergency response and the recovery of critical facilities such as roads, hospitals and communication lines.
Scope of the course is to provide the background on Earthquake Early Warning principles, methods and data processing through the overview of the existing approaches and worldwide experiences, with a special focus on an integrated approach which combines the network-based and on-site methodologies. The last part of the session will be devoted to the analysis and open discussion of specific case studies for real and simulated earthquake scenarios.
The short course is part of the educational and training initiatives of the EU project REAKT (Strategies and tools for Real Time EArthquake RisK ReducTion).
Tuesday, 05 November 2013 17:20
EGU General Assembly 2014: Session on Real time earthquake risk reduction

EGU General Assembly 2014

Vienna, 27 April – 02 May
SM3.1/NH4.2- Real time earthquake risk reduction – Call for abstracts

The next coming EGU General Assembly will be held in Vienna , 27 April – 02 May 2014 (
Paolo Gasparini, Jochen Zschau , Stefan Wiemer are convening a session on Real time earthquake risk reduction (SM3.1/NH4.2)
The deadline for the receipt of abstracts is 16 Jan 2014.

With the call for abstracts, Copernicus opened the web tool for abstract submission, for SM especially under:

Session Description:

Real time earthquake risk reduction

Organiser: EGU – SM
Lead Convener: Paolo Gasparini
Co-Conveners: Jochen Zschau , Stefan Wiemer

Earthquakes are a serious threat for residents and infrastructures in many European countries, particularly those around the Mediterranean Sea. In many cities exposed to high earthquake hazard, a substantial proportion of the population still lives in buildings that do not meet modern earthquake-resistant standards. Preventive actions, such as retrofitting of structures, are essential, but they are not sufficient and cannot be applied easily on a large scale. Real-time actions focusing on decreasing the physical vulnerability and exposure of populations are a viable way to reduce earthquake risk. The primary objective of the session is to compare and discuss the efficiency of real-time earthquake risk mitigation methods and their capability of protecting structures, infrastructures and populations with special reference to operational earthquake forecasting, early warning and real-time vulnerability assessments as well as best practices on how to use all of this information in a unified manner. The aim of the session will include the interaction with the public, the role of social networks and ways to inform emergency managers and the public on low probability-high consequence events, where the impact of false alarms are substantial. Contributions from past and ongoing EU and other international projects are welcome.
Thursday, 31 October 2013 15:08
On the occasion of the second annual meeting of REAKT project the PRESTo Early Warning System was released as a free and open source software.

You can download it from here:

PRESTo implements recent algorithms for real-time, rapid earthquake location and magnitude estimation.
Damage assessment integrates a regional, network based approach with an on-site, threshold based one.
PRESTo is a lightweight, graphical application easily installable on both Windows and Linux.
It is self-contained: it does not require any other seismic software or platform to run on, just the ground motion data from a seismic network.

The system is in real-time operation in southern Italy (ISNet) since 2009.
Real-time testing is also operational in South Korea (KIGAM), Romania (RoNet) and Turkey, Marmara region (KOERI).
Wednesday, 16 October 2013 11:24
The 2nd annual meeting of REAKT project that will be held in Zurich on October 23-25 is approaching.
Download the agenda.
Thursday, 21 March 2013 15:42
EGU General Assembly, 07-12 April 2013, Vienna, Austria
The following presentations on the REAKT project will be held to next EGU General Assembly:

Robust real-time fault tracking for the 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku earthquake based on the phased-array-interference principle
by Yong Zhang et al.

New challenges for seismology and decision makers after L'Aquila trial
by Warner Marzocchi

Evaluation of Real-Time and Off-Line Performance of the Virtual Seismologist Earthquake Early Warning Algorithm in Switzerland
by Yannik Behr, John Clinton , Georgia Cua , Carlo Cauzzi , Stefan Heimers , Philipp Kästli, Jan Becker and Thomas Heaton

How long time will we go with linear seismology?
by Gheorghe Marmureanu, Carmen Ortanza Cioflan, Alexandru Marmureanu & Bogdan

Including time dependent Coulomb stresses in Coulomb-Rate-and-State seismicity models: effect of afterslip and aftershocks
by Camilla Cattania, Sebastian Hainzl, Frank Roth, and Lifeng Wang

Searching for aseismic slip in subduction zones
by Thomas Reverso
Tuesday, 12 March 2013 12:03
The second annual meeting of the REAKT project will be held in Zurich on October 23-25, 2013.
Monday, 28 January 2013 18:12
VEESD2013 Vienna, Austria, 28-30 August 2013

The VEESD2013 will be held in Vienna, Austria, from 28 to 30 August 2013 (
A Minisymposia, entitled “Age and state-dependent structural reliability and non-stationary issues in seismic risk analysis” has been organized by Iunio Iervolino in the framework of the WP 5 activities carried out in REAKT project.
Monday, 21 January 2013 19:43
The workshop on Virtual Seismologist (VS), within the framework of REAKT project, will be held in Zurich at SED-ETHZ on March 12-13, 2013 The workshop is oriented to WP4 and WP7 partners interested in VS and serves also as a WP7 meeting for those Institutions who plan to use VS for their applications.

Workshop program

March 12, 2013
Morning: Overview presentations on EEW, SeisComP3, VS module architecture.
Computer check.
Afternoon: VS module configuration in SC3 (latest release of Zurich version) and computer exercises in a controlled environment (using Virtual Machines).

March 13, 2013
Morning: Feedback presentations from the participants, with special focus on their VS plans within REAKT.
Afternoon: Focus on real cases: installation, configuration support and playback for those Networks and Institutions who are ready to start running the module at their premises.

Since hands-on sessions are planned on both days The number of participants is limited to a maximum of 20 per day, in any case, no more than 2 per Institution. All participants should bring their own laptop as well as basic Linux knowledge will be required. Basic knowledge of SeisComP3 (latest release of Zurich version) is preferable for attending the workshop, especially as operating a configured SeisComP3 is a prerequisite to running VS at your Institutions.
Tuesday, 15 January 2013 14:17
IASPEI Meeting 2013
Gothenburg, Sweden, 22-26 July, 2013

The next coming IASPEI meeting will be held at Gothenburg, Sweden, 22-26 July 2013 (
The conveners of the scheduled session “IASPEI: S108 – Real Time Seismology” are Aldo Zollo, Masumi Yamada, and Reynir Bödvarsson.
The deadline to submit an abstract is February 4, 2103.

Description of the session
S108 – Real-time seismology – Organiser: IASPEI – Lead Convener: Aldo Zollo (Italy) – Co-Conveners: Masumi Yamada (Japan), Reynir Bödvarsson (Sweden).

To provide a rapid and reliable information on source parameters and observed ground shaking, soon after the occurrence of potentially damaging events, is nowadays an increasingly urgent societal demand, as a consequence of the increased exposure and vulnerability of highly populated urban settlements and infrastructure complexity. Four decades after the first deployment of digital seismographs, continuous waveform data streams are currently available in real- and near-real time in most of active volcanic and tectonic regions worldwide, as recorded by dense and high dynamic seismic arrays, digitally telemetered and processed using automatic or semi-automatic procedures.
Real-time earthquake information systems are complex structured, software and hardware devices which are able to react to an impeding event within a well defined, operational deadline which is related to the properties of the earthquake phenomena and to the characteristics of the recording system.
The time scale involved in real-time seismology spans from seconds/minutes of early warning and ground shake mapping systems to hours of large scale, global earthquake and tsunami warning networks. During the time after the earthquake occurrence seismic data are collected and analyzed so that the results can be effectively used for post-earthquake emergency response.
Advantage of the information technology and densly installed seismometers allow us to track the current status of earthquake rupture and measure the relevant rupture parameters. These parameters are inevitable for prompt and reliable earthquake early warnings and tsunami warnings for large earthquakes.
This symposium is opened to researchers in the field of real-time seismology who intend to contribute with new methodological developments and examples of application both for the fast estimation of earthquake source parameters (location, magnitude, mechanism, rupture size and orientation, slip distribution, …) and rapid assessment of the potential damages of earthquakes through the reliable maximum ground shake mapping.
Wednesday, 02 January 2013 17:34
On February 25-26, 2013, a workshop on the REAKT project will be held in Barbados and Trinidad.
The Seismological Research Center (SRC) of the University of West Indies and the Council of Caribbean Engineering Organizations (CCEO) are the two Caribbean institutions involved with the REAKT project which are organizing the meeting.
Hospitals, Port Authorities, Airport Authorities, Oil Service Companies and other Caribbean agencies/organizations who may (or should) be interested in the project will be invited to attend. The invitation list is still preliminary and includes:
- Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago – TSTT
- Management of Industrial Estates – PLIPDECO et al.
- Trinidad and Tobago Electricity Commission- TTEC
- BG group
- National Gas Company of Trinidad and Tobago
- Grantley Adams International Airport
- Barbados Light & Power Company
- The Queen Elizabeth Hospital

The draft program provides presentations by EUCENTRE , CCEO, and UWI-SRC as listed below:
- Carlo Lai (EUCENTRE) - The broad scope of the ReaKT project;
- Walter Salazar (UWI) – The Seismic Research Center component;
- Tony Gibbs (CCEO) – The Council of Caribbean Engineering Organizations component;
- Luigi Di Sarno (CCEO) – Fragility Curves.

Download the programme
Monday, 17 December 2012 17:11
The REAKT NEWSLETTER n. 1 has been published.
Download the newsletter here.
Thursday, 13 December 2012 15:21
A NERA/REAKT workshop will be held in Zürich on March 19-20, 2013.
Download the invitation.
Friday, 30 November 2012 18:28
AGU fall meeting 2012
San Francisco, 3-7 December
The REAKT project will be presented at the next AGU fall meeting with the following works:
- Behr Y., Cua G.B, Clinton J. F, Heaton T. H, Evaluation of Real-Time Performance of the Virtual Seismologist Earthquake Early Warning Algorithm in Switzerland and California
- Bossu R, Lefebvre, Roussel, Mazet-Roux, Real time characterization of effects and source parameters of the Mineral, Virginia earthquake from website traffic analysis
- Lippiello E., Marzocchi W., de Arcangelis L., Godano C., Spatial organization of foreshocks as a tool to forecast large earthquakes
- Marmureanu A, Cioflan C., Ionescu C., Elia L., Zollo A., Colombelli S., Martino C. , Towards an Integrated Regional Early Warning System For Romania - Vrancea Earthquakes: Test and Performances
- Touati S., Naylor M., Main I.n, Detection of temporal changes in earthquake rates
- Zollo A., Colombelli S., Elia L., Emolo A., Festa G, Martino C., Marcucci S., PRESTo Earthquake Early Warning System: Feasibility Study For A Nation-Wide Deployment Using An Integrated Regional and On-site Approach
Thursday, 29 November 2012 14:48
The paper by Warner Marzocchi "Putting science on trial" has been published on Physics World, December 2012, pp. 17-18.
Monday, 12 November 2012 13:23
R. Allen, J. Clinton and A. Zollo have been invited to give three keynote lectures at the recent UNESCO sub-RELEMR International Workshop on “Earthquake & Tsunami Early Warning in the Eastern Mediterranean for the Countries Bordering the Dead Sea Fault”, which was held in Cyprus, during last November 4-7.

Titles of the speeches:

Aldo Zollo
Earthquake Early Warning Methods and Feasibility Studies in Europe

John Clinton
Building an Earthquake Early Warning System - Focus on the Seismic Network Aspects

Richard M. Allen
Warning California: Earthquake Alerts Today

Download program and proceedings of the conference.
Monday, 17 September 2012 18:16
During the 15 WCEE, a WP7 End-User meeting will be held in Lisbon at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) on Tuesday, September 25, at 17:30.
Thursday, 30 August 2012 15:07
The first annual meeting of the REAKT project will be held in Potsdam on October 10-12.
Thursday, 19 July 2012 18:00
The first results of the Reakt project will be presented at the 15 WCEE in the following papers:
Monday, 09 July 2012 18:44
15th World Conference on Eartquake Engineering
Wednesday, 04 July 2012 11:01
A workshop on Virtual Seismologist will be organised at ETHZ at the beginning of next year, in January or February.
Friday, 06 April 2012 11:02
Mexicans get earthquake-alert app for BlackBerrys